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What is Hard Water, and How Can You Treat It?

by Zileni Milupi December 20, 2023 0 Comments

What is Hard Water, and How Can You Treat It?

Picture this: You step into the shower, eagerly anticipating the luxurious feel of lathering soap and the softness of your hair after a good wash. However, for many, this seemingly simple daily ritual can turn into a battle against stubborn soap scum and lackluster hair. The culprit? Hard water.

While water is naturally made up of essential minerals such as potassium, calcium, and magnesium, an excess amount of certain minerals in water can create inconveniences for everyday use. Hard water consists of an excess amount of calcium and magnesium. A buildup of magnesium and calcium in water affects the function of water for domestic use.

Effects of Hard Water

Soap and Detergent Inefficiency

Hard water prevents soap from functioning properly. For instance, if you run the dishwasher and see white spots, that is a result of hard water. Once magnesium and calcium are heated, they interfere with soap suds and leave white or brown residue instead of creating a lather. This reduces the effectiveness of cleaning agents, leading to the need for higher quantities of soap for cleaning clothes, dishes, and even during personal hygiene routines.

Scale Buildup in Appliances/Clogged Pipes

The minerals in hard water can accumulate as scale deposits in water-using appliances like water heaters, dishwashers, and coffee makers. This buildup can reduce the efficiency of these appliances, leading to increased energy consumption and potential damage over time. Scale deposits don't limit themselves to appliances; they can also accumulate in pipes. Over time, this buildup can restrict water flow, leading to reduced water pressure and potentially clogged pipes, necessitating costly repairs.

Dry Skin and Hair

Hard water can leave a mineral residue on the skin and hair, making it difficult to rinse away soap. This can result in dry skin and skin conditions like eczema. It can also contribute to dandruff and an itchy scalp.

Stiff and Faded Laundry

Washing clothes in hard water may lead to stiff and faded fabrics. You might also find soapy residue on your clothes after doing the laundry, which might lead you to re-wash your clothes. The minerals can bind to the fibers in clothing, reducing the effectiveness of laundry detergents and affecting the overall look and feel of garments. Hard water makes colors fade, and white clothes take on a yellow tint.

Stains on Fixtures and Glassware

Hard water can leave stains on fixtures, glassware, and toilet bowls. These stains, often referred to as limescale or mineral deposits, can be challenging to remove and may require specialized cleaning products; even acids such as Lime-A-Way.

Increased Energy Costs

Appliances operating in hard water environments may experience reduced efficiency, leading to increased energy consumption. Water heaters, for example, may require more energy to heat water due to the insulating effect of scale deposits. The limescale that builds up in water heaters and heating surfaces insulates the heat from the water, necessitating more energy to reach the requisite temperature.

Solutions to Hard Water

While there’s no concrete prevention for hard water, you can get your water professionally tested beforehand. There are a few solutions to hard water:

Water Softeners: Installing a water softener is a popular and effective solution. These devices use ion exchange to replace calcium and magnesium ions with sodium ions, which eliminates the water's hardness.

Vinegar Soaks: Soaking faucets and showerheads in vinegar can help dissolve mineral deposits. Regular maintenance using this method can prevent scale buildup, but it does nothing for the inside of appliances and water heaters

Soap Alternatives: Using soap alternatives, such as synthetic detergents, can reduce the formation of soap scum. These products are designed to perform well in hard water conditions, however, some people experience skin sensitivity to them.

Water Conditioners: Similar to water softeners, water conditioners alter the structure of minerals to prevent them from causing issues. They don't remove minerals but change their behavior. The higher the hardness levels, the less effective they may be.

Water Filters: Installing water filters does not reduce the mineral content in drinking water, but it can remove certain chemicals (like chlorine) which may make the water better for one's skin While not a comprehensive solution, it can address concerns related to water used for consumption.

In a nutshell, we use water to get rid of soap, and stains and make things clean in general. Hard water makes it hard to clean things properly. With all that said, you can probably come to the conclusion that hard water isn't fun to deal with at all. What type of water would be ideal, then? The simple answer is soft water.

Hard Water vs Soft Water

Let's delve into the differences between them and explore the implications for households.

Impact on Household Appliances:

Soft water is gentle on household appliances such as water heaters, dishwashers, and washing machines. It helps prevent the buildup of scale, extending the lifespan and improving the efficiency of these appliances.

Hard water can lead to the accumulation of mineral deposits, or scale, in appliances, reducing their efficiency and potentially causing damage over time. Water heaters, in particular, are susceptible to decreased efficiency and increased energy consumption in areas with hard water.

Effect on Skin and Hair

Soft water is gentler on the skin and hair. It allows soaps and shampoos to lather more easily, and it doesn't strip away the natural oils from the skin and hair.

Hard water can leave a residue on the skin and hair, making it more difficult for soaps and shampoos to lather. This can result in dry skin and hair, and may require the use of additional products to counteract these effects.

Cleaning Performance

Cleaning with soft water is generally more effective. It allows for the efficient use of detergents and cleaning agents, as there is no interference from mineral ions.

Cleaning with hard water may require higher amounts of cleaning agents, as the minerals in the water can react with the detergents, forming soap scum and reducing their effectiveness.

Water Softeners

Once you've established that you have hard water, the best way to obtain soft water and get rid of your hard water is to get a water softener. Water softeners use ion exchange to replace calcium and magnesium ions with sodium or potassium ions, reducing water hardness.

Most people are initially hesitant to buy a water softener due to the maintenance cost. The good news is a water softener is the only appliance that saves you more money than it costs. Although water softeners require salt for maintenance, which costs about $5 to $6 a month, it saves you more than $200 a month on extra detergent, dishwashing soap, energy costs, and plumbing.

Which Water Softener is Right for you?

We offer a variety of water softeners to meet our customers' preferences. Here a few of our products:

Flexx HD Water Softener (Good)

In the realm of water softeners, the Flexx HD stands as a beacon of excellence, marrying premium quality with affordability. This American-crafted marvel redefines water softening with its rugged construction, advanced technology, and an unwavering commitment to delivering softened water of the highest caliber. Let's delve into the features that make the Flexx HD a standout choice for those seeking unparalleled performance without breaking the bank.

Time-Proven Technology: At the heart of the Flexx HDs lies its Time-Proven Valve Technology, a time-proven trusted system in the world of water softeners. This system adapts to your water usage patterns, optimizing regeneration cycles to conserve water and salt. Efficiency meets innovation as the Flexx HDSeries ensures you get the softened water you need precisely when you need it due to it’s precision meter control

Premium 8% Cross-Linked Resin: Quality water softening begins with premium resin, and the Flexx HDSeries takes no shortcuts. Featuring premium 8% cross-linked ion-exchange resin, it excels at efficiently removing hardness ions from your water, leaving you with the pure, soft water you desire. Say goodbye to scale buildup and the challenges of hard water.

Extremely Low-Pressure Drop: Experience the seamless flow of water with the FlexxHD Series. Designed with an extremely low-pressure drop, this water softener ensures that your water pressure remains consistent throughout your home. No compromises, just a steady flow of softened water in every room.

Warranty that Speaks Volumes: Flexx HD Water Softeners Doesn't just promise; they guarantee. Backed by an industry-leading warranty, it stands by its performance. Enjoy peace of mind with a 10-year warranty on tanks and a 7-year warranty on the valve and electronics. That's a decade of assurance for your investment

Matrixx Smart Metered Water Softener (Better)



In the ever-evolving landscape of water treatment, the Matrixx Smart Metered Water Softener emerges as a trailblazer in eco-friendly solutions. This revolutionary system, driven by cutting-edge smart valve technology, not only prioritizes maximum efficiency but also sets new standards for sustainability. Let's explore the key features that make the Matrixx a game-changer in the realm of water softeners.

Eco-Friendly Advancements: The Matrixx Smart Metered Water Softener takes a giant leap towards eco-friendly water treatment. Its advanced smart valve technology ensures optimal performance, whether using traditional salt or potassium, catering to both effectiveness and environmental consciousness.

Warranty that Speaks Confidence: Backed by a limited lifetime warranty, with an impressive 10 years on the electronic valve, the Matrixx instills confidence in its durability and long-term performance. This commitment to quality ensures peace of mind for every user.

Smart Technology for Seamless Living: Say goodbye to complicated programming. The Matrixx features one-touch programming, and its integration with the free Legacy View app brings control to your fingertips. Smartphone compatibility adds a layer of convenience, allowing users to monitor and manage their water softener effortlessly.

Sustainable Water Usage: The Matrixx embraces EcoSmart backwashing technology, minimizing water waste during the softening process. This eco-conscious design not only benefits the environment but also contributes to cost savings by reducing water consumption.

Optimized Resource Consumption: Efficiency meets savings with the Matrixx. Users can enjoy up to 70% savings on salt consumption, promoting not only cost-effectiveness but also reducing the environmental impact. Furthermore, the system delivers energy savings of up to 40% and cuts down cleaning product expenses by up to 50%, aligning with modern eco-friendly living.

Real-Time Monitoring with Smart Connectivity: Stay in control with the Bluetooth 5.0-enabled smart valve system. The Matrixx allows real-time water usage tracking, putting valuable information at your fingertips. This not only facilitates proactive water management but also adds a tech-savvy dimension to your water-softening experience.

Uninterrupted Service with Low Voltage Design:

Designed for reliability, the Matrixx features a low-voltage design with a battery backup, ensuring uninterrupted service even during power outages. This commitment to reliability makes it a dependable addition to any household.

Synergy Plus Twin Metered Softener (Best)

Revolutionize your water softening experience with the Synergy Plus Twin Metered Water Softener – a game-changing solution engineered for seamless, uninterrupted soft water supply. Designed with innovation in mind, this product ensures not a drop of soft water goes to waste, setting new standards in efficiency and convenience.

Continuous Soft Water, 24/7/365: The Synergy Plus introduces a twin-alternating mechanism that guarantees a consistent supply of soft water around the clock. No more waiting for regeneration cycles, enjoy the luxury of soft water whenever you need it. Engineered to regenerate with soft water brine, it maximizes efficiency, ensuring you never waste a pound of salt.

Savings That Add Up: The Synergy Plus doesn't just soften water; it's a smart investment that pays dividends. Experience up to 50% savings on cleaning products and a 30% reduction in water heating costs. This not only contributes to your pocket but also aligns with eco-conscious living.

Smart Connectivity for Real-Time Control: The Synergy Plus features a Bluetooth 5.0-enabled smart valve system, providing real-time water usage tracking. Stay in control with the touch of a button, and monitor your water softener's performance through your smartphone. This level of connectivity ensures you are always aware of your water consumption.

Versatile Design for Every Setting: Whether it's a home, a small business, or water with iron content, the Synergy Plus is designed to adapt. Its versatility makes it a perfect fit for various settings, ensuring that the benefits of soft water are accessible to a broad range of users.

High Flow Rates, Minimal Pressure Drop: Experience the convenience of high flow rates without sacrificing water pressure. The Synergy Plus is engineered to deliver impressive flow rates with minimal pressure drop, providing an efficient and consistent soft water supply throughout your home or business.


Dealing with hard water can be a real pain, as I've reiterated over and over. The good news is all that can be solved with a water softener. Water softeners not only enhance the quality of water for daily use but also contribute to the longevity and efficiency of household appliances. In summary, water softeners play a crucial role in improving water quality, preventing mineral buildup, and maintaining a more sustainable and efficient home environment. You're probably wondering what more is to owning one. Well, all the details will be covered in the next blog, where we'll cover them extensively.

You either have a water softener or are paying for a water softener you don't have anyway. -President, Mark Timmons-Master Water Specialist

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